რატომ ხმება თბილისის ფიჭვები? – 2019 წლიდან ტყის აღდგენითი სამუშაოები ჩატარდება

თბილისის მუნიციპალიტეტის ტერიტორიაზე არსებულ ხე-მცენარეებს საერთაშორისო ექსპერტები შეისწავლიან, რომლებიც დედაქალაქს ოქტომბრის ბოლოს ეწვევიან. სპეციალისტები ლაბორატორიულ კვლევებს ევროკავშირში აკრედიტირებულ ლაბორატორიაში ჩაატარებენ. მათი ვიზიტის ერთ-ერთი მთავარი მიზანია დაავადების გავრცელების პრევენცია და ჯანსაღი კორომების გადარჩენა.

​როგორცმედიაცენტრ მთავარს” თბილისის მერიის გარემოს დაცვის საქალაქო სამსახურში განუცხადეს, მომავალ წელს, ტყის აღდგენითი სამუშაოები ჩატარდება 18.86 ჰა ტერიტორიაზე. დარგავენ სხვადასხვა სახეობის 46 200 ნერგს. ასევე, ქალაქის ცენტრალურ ქუჩებსა და სკვერებში დაგეგმილია 5000 ძირი სხვადასხვა სახეობის მაღალტანიანი 3 მეტრზე მაღალი ხის დარგვა.

გარემოს დაცვის საქალაქო სამსახური ოქტომბრის ბოლოდან თბილისის ტერიტორიაზე არსებული ხეების სანიტარულ ჭრას დაიწყებს, რის შედეგად, ჯამში 20 000 ძირი ხმელი და ზეხმელი ხე მოიჭრება.

“ვინაიდან აღნიშნულ გადაწყვეტილებას საზოგადოებაში არაერთგვაროვანი რეაქცია მოჰყვა, გვსურს, კიდევ ერთხელ განვმარტოთ, რომ თბილისის შემოგარენში და საქართველოს მთელ რიგ რეგიონებში ფიჭვის ინტენსიური ხმობა დაახლოებით 20 წლის წინ,1997-1998 წლებიდან დაიწყო. ამის მიზეზი იყო ის, რომ ფიჭვები არ იყო გაშენებული ამ სახეობისთვის განკუთვნილ ბუნებრივ არეალში. ფიჭვების ხელოვნური გაშენებისას დარღვეულია აგროტექნიკური პირობები, ნერგების აბსოლუტურ უმრავლესობას არ აქვს მთავარღერძიანი ფესვი, რის გამოც თხელ, განუვითარებელ ნიადაგებზე და ხშირად, აფეთქებების შედეგად წარმოქმნილ ორმოებში განვითარებულია ზედაპირული ფესვთა სისტემა. ზემოაღნიშნული მიზეზებისა და კლიმატის გლობალური ცვლილების ფონზე დაირღვა ფიჭვის ზრდა-განვითარებისათვის საჭირო ეკოლოგიური პირობები, რამაც განაპირობა ფიზიოლოგიური პროცესების და გამძლეობის დაქვეითება. შედეგად, აღნიშნული ნარგავებიარ აღმოჩნდა გამძლე მავნებლებისა და დაავადებების მიმართ”, – აცხადებენ გარემოს დაცვის საქალაქო სამსახურში.

მათივე ინფორმაციით, ფიჭვები ძირითადად დაავადებულია პათოგენური სოკოებით (lophodermill, Cylindrocarpon, Diplodia), რომლებიც უმთავრესად აზიანებენ წიწვებს, ტოტებს, იწვევენ წიწვებისა და წლიური ნაზარდი წიწვების წვერის ხმობას, გირჩების და ტოტების დაავადებას და საბოლოოდ, ხე-მცენარის ხმობას. ასევე, ფიჭვებზე მავნებელი მწერებიდან აღინიშნება ბუგრები, ჰერმესების ნაცვალი კანები, ქერქიჭამიები, ცილაჭამიები და ხარაბუზები.

“დედაქალაქის მერია, ბოლო ხუთი წლის განმავლობაში სისტემატურად ებრძოდა აღნიშნულ პრობლემას და ახორციელებდა დაავადებული ხე-მცენარეების წამლობას, ასევე, ხმელი და ზეხმელი ხე-მცენარეების სანიტარულ ჭრას. ამის მიუხედავად, პროცესის შეჩერება და ხეების გადარჩენა ვერ მოხერხდა”, – აცხადებენ გარემოს დაცვის საქალაქო სამსახურში.

გარემოს დაცვის საქალაქო სამსახურმა თბილისის მასშტაბით, სხვადასხვა ხე-მცენარეების ფიტოსანიტარული კვლევა ჩაატარა. აღმოჩენილ მავნებელ ორგანიზმებთან ბრძოლის ღონისძიებების შესაბამისად, რეგულარულად ხორციელდება ხეების შეწამვლის სამუშაოები. მიმდინარე წელს უკვე შეიწამლა 98 000 ხე-მცენარე. წლის ბოლომდე, ჯამში შეწამლული იქნება 120 000 ხე-მცენარე. ასევე, მიმდინარე წელს თვითმმართველი ერთეულის საკუთრებაში არსებულ ტერიტორიებზე აღირიცხა ხმელი და ზეხმელი ხეები და მოინიშნა შემდგომში მოჭრის მიზნით. ამ ტერიტორიების აღდგენა და ხელახალი განაშენიანება დაიწყება 2019 წლიდან,მას შემდეგ, რაც დასრულდება სანიტარული ჭრები.

მსგავსი თემები

73 Thoughts to “რატომ ხმება თბილისის ფიჭვები? – 2019 წლიდან ტყის აღდგენითი სამუშაოები ჩატარდება”

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