ზაფხულში, საკვებითა და წყლით ინტოკსიკაციის შემთხვევები მატულობს – რეკომენდაციები მოსახლეობას

ზაფხულის ცხელი პერიოდის დადგომისთანავე მნიშვნელოვნად მატულობს მწვავე დიარეული დაავადებების შემთხვევათა რაოდენობა. სტატისტიკური მონაცემების მიხედვით, ამ პერიოდზე მოდის ამ დაავადებათა რეგისტრირებულ შემთხვევათა 50%-ზე მეტი, რაც დაკავშირებულია გარემოში მაღალ ტემპერატურაზე პათოგენური მიკრობების ცხოველმყოფელობის გაძლიერებასთან.

როგორც დაავადებათა კონტროლისა და საზოგადოებრივი ჯანმრთელობის ეროვნულ ცენტრში აცხადებენ, დიარეით მიმდინარე დაავადებათა/საკვებისმიერი ინტოქსიკაციების მაღალი მაჩვენებლები ზაფხულის პერიოდში ფიქსირდება როგორც ერთეული, ისე ეპიდაფეთქებების სახით (ჯგუფური შემთხვევები). ეპიდაფეთქებები კი უმეტესად უკავშირდება დაბინძურებული სასმელი წყლის მოხმარებას და მასიურ სუფრებზე არასწორად მომზადებულ-შენახული საკვების მიღებას.

„ქვეყანაში რეგისტრირებულ შემთხვევათა უდიდესი წილი (60-65%) მოდის ბავშვთა ასაკზე, რაც შეიძლება აიხსნას არა მარტო ამ ასაკში დაავადების მაღალი მიმღებლობით, არამედ მოზრდილი ასაკის ავადმყოფთა შორის ფართოდ გავრცელებული თვითმკურნალობის პრაქტიკით“ – განუცხადეს „მედიაცენტრ მთავარს“ დაავადებათა კონტროლისა და საზოგადოებრივი ჯანმრთელობის ეროვნულ ცენტრში და მოსახლეობას ურჩევენ, თვითმკურნალობას არ მიმართონ.

„თვითმკურნალობა, დიარეული დაავადებების დროს, იწვევს დიაგნოსტიკის გართულებას, ხელს უწყობს დაავადებაგადატანილებში პათოგენური მიკროფლორის ბაქტერიომტარებლობის ფართოდ გავრცელებას და ანტიბიოტიკებისადმი რეზისტენტული (გამძლე) შტამების შექმნას. რეზისტენტული შტამების ფართო გავრცელება გარემოში კი სერიოზული პრობლემებს უქმნის დიარეულ დაავადებათა მკურნალობას და პაციენტთა გამოჯანმრთელებას“, – აცხადებენ ცენტრში.

შესაბამისად, ამ დაავადებათა თავიდან აცილების მიზნით, აუცილებელია შემდეგი პრევენციული ღონისძიებების გატარება:

· წყალსადენში წყლის წყვეტილი მიწოდებისას, წყალმა სასურველია იდინოს არანაკლებ 10 წუთი და შემდეგ გამოიყენოთ სასმელად ან საკვების მოსამზადებლად;

· არ გამოიყენოთ სასმელად წყალი ადუღების გარეშე, თუ მის უვნებლობაში დარწმუნებული არ ხართ, ადუღებული წყალი ვარგისია 24 საათის განმავლობაში;

· სასურველია წყლის გამწმენდი სხვადასხვა ტიპის საოჯახო ფილტრების გამოყენება, უსაფრთხოა ცენტრალიზებული წყალსადენის წყალი, რომელიც იფილტრება და ქლორით დეზინფიცირდება;

· შეგროვილი სასმელი წყალი შეინახეთ სუფთა, დახურულ რეზერვუარში და არ გამოიყენოთ წყლის შესანახი ჭურჭელი სხვა დანიშნულებით (რძის ან სხვა სითხის შესანახად);

· ღია წყალსატევში ბანაობისას ან თევზჭერისას არ ჩაყლაპოთ წყალი;

გამოიყენეთ სუფთა სასმელი წყალი: ხილისა და ბოსტნეულის გასარეცხად; საკვების მოსამზადებლად; სასმელების დასამზადებლად; ყინულის მოსამზადებლად; ჭურჭლისა და სამზარეულოს სხვა ინვენტარის გასარეცხად და ხელების დასაბანად.



მსგავსი თემები

78 Thoughts to “ზაფხულში, საკვებითა და წყლით ინტოკსიკაციის შემთხვევები მატულობს – რეკომენდაციები მოსახლეობას”

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