ავტომობილის ძრავი ზამთარში არ უნდა “გავახუროთ” – ამერიკელი ინჟინრის რეკომენდაცია

ავტოინჟინრები, წლების განმავლობაში წარმოებული დაკვირვების შედეგად გვირჩევენ, დაძვრამდე ავტომობილის ძრავი არ “გავახუროთ”, განსაკუთრებით კი ზამთარში.  

მძღოლების უმეტესობა ამას სტანდარტულად აკეთებს. დილით ქოქავენ ავტომობილს და ელოდებიან ძრავი როდის გახურდება. სავარაუდოდ, ფიქრობენ, რომ ასე ძრავს იცავენ დაზიანებისაგან. აღმოჩნდა, რომ ეს მითია, რომელსაც სიკეთის ნაცვლად უდიდესი ზიანი მოაქვს.

Bussines Insider -ი ყოფილ მრბოლელთან, საინჟინრო დარგში დოქტორის წოდების მქონე სტივენ კიატთან ინტერვიუს აქვეყნებს, რომელიც ძრავის გახურების მნიშვნელობაზე საუბრობს.  როგორც ირკვევა სტივენი 26 წელია ატმოსფერულ ძრავებს იკვლევს და ამჟამად ილინოისის შტატში მდებარე აგრონომიის ნაციონალურ ლაბორატორიას კურირებს.

მისი დასკვნით, როდესაც ძრავი გახურების რეჟიმში, სიჩქარეზე დაკიდების გარეშე ანუ თავისუფალ რეჟიმში მუშაობს, თანაც სიცივეში, იმაზე მეტ საწვავს მოიხმარს, ვიდრე მას სინამდვილეში ესაჭიროება, რაც საბოლოოდ ძრავს სერიოზულად აზიანებს. იმ დროს, რაც  ძრავი მუშაობს, ხოლო ავტომობილი ადგილიდან არ იძვრის, ძრავში მდებარე ზეთი ვერ ასწრებს სწრაფად მიეწოდოს დგუშსა და ცილინდრებს. ანუ ფაქტობრივად, ძრავი ზეთის გარეშე მუშაობს, რაც დაუშვებლად დიდ დატვირთვასა და შემდგომში ადვილად ცვეთას იწვევს.

როგორ მუშაობს ძრავი: ნორმალურ პირობებში ავტომობილი ჰაერისა და საწვავის ურთიერთქმედებით იღებს ენერგიას. ავზიდან საწვავი პირდაპირ ცილინდრში შედის, რომელიც მას პრესავს, ჰაერის ზემოქმედებით კი ხდება მიკროაფეთქება და ავტომობილს სამოძრაო ენერგია მიეწოდება.

სიცივისას, საწვავს ცილინდრამდე მიღწევა უჭირს, შესაბამისად ძრავი მეტ ძალას ხარჯავს მის მოსაპოვებლად, ანუ მაღალ ბრუნზე მუშაობს. სწორედ აქედან იწყება პრობლემები…

”პრობლემა მდგომარეობს იმაში, რომ როდესაც წვის კამერაში, დაშვებულზე მეტი რაოდენობის საწვავი ხვდება, გამოუყენებელი საწვავი ცილინდრის კედლებზე ილექება. თუ გავითვალისწინებთ იმას, რომ ბენზინი კარგი საწმენდი საშუალებაა და ცილინდრებზე არსებულ ზეთის ნარჩენებს წმენდს, საბოლოოდ ცილინდრებისა და დგუშების სწორად შეზეთვას უშლის ხელს, ეს კი დამეთანხმებით, რომ იწვევს მათ ადვილად ცვეთას, განსაკუთრებით კი ზამთრის პირობებში”, –  ამბობს სტივენ კაიტი.

მთავარი პრობლემა ისაა, რომ ცივ ამინდში ზეთი უფრო სქელდება, ვიდრე ჩვეულებრივ პირობებში, შესაბამისად ძრავის ფაქტობრივად გაორმაგებული მუშაობის პირობებში, ვერ ასწრებს ძრავის შიგნით მდებარე რკინისგან დამზადებული დეტალების შეზეთვას, რაც საბოლოოდ მათ აზიანებს.

უნდა აღინიშნოს ისიც, რომ არც ერთი თანამედროვე ავტომწარმოებელი ძრავის ”გახურების” რეკომენდაციას არ იძლევა. ამასთანავე, თუ თქვენს ავტომობილს მექანიკური გადაცემათა კოლოფი აქვს, დაუშვებელია უძრავ მდგომარეობაში მისი დაქოქვა. ავტომობილის დაქოქვიდან ზუსტად 10 წამში ჩვეულ რეჟიმში შეგიძლიათ გადაადგილდეთ.

წყარო: Avtoskola start

მსგავსი თემები

69 Thoughts to “ავტომობილის ძრავი ზამთარში არ უნდა “გავახუროთ” – ამერიკელი ინჟინრის რეკომენდაცია”

  1. You must participate in a contest for the most effective blogs on the web. I will recommend this website!

  2. There is obviously a bunch to know about this. I believe you made various nice points in features also.

  3. Excellent read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on that. And he just bought me lunch because I found it for him smile Thus let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

  4. Sweet website , super design, very clean and utilize pleasant.

  5. Hello there, You’ve done an excellent job. I will definitely digg it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they’ll be benefited from this web site.

  6. Wow! This could be one particular of the most helpful blogs We’ve ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Excellent. I am also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  7. I was more than happy to seek out this net-site.I needed to thanks in your time for this excellent learn!! I undoubtedly enjoying every little little bit of it and I’ve you bookmarked to check out new stuff you weblog post.

  8. Some really great information, Glad I noticed this.

  9. Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.

  10. Hello my loved one! I want to say that this post is amazing, nice written and include approximately all vital infos. I would like to look extra posts like this.

  11. You actually make it appear really easy along with your presentation however I in finding this matter to be really one thing which I believe I might never understand. It kind of feels too complicated and very huge for me. I’m having a look ahead on your next publish, I will try to get the hold of it!

  12. I think this site has very great composed subject material posts.

  13. Good write-up, I am regular visitor of one¦s website, maintain up the nice operate, and It is going to be a regular visitor for a long time.

  14. This is the fitting blog for anyone who needs to find out about this topic. You notice so much its virtually onerous to argue with you (not that I actually would want…HaHa). You definitely put a brand new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Nice stuff, simply nice!

  15. It’s actually a great and helpful piece of information. I am glad that you just shared this useful information with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  16. Hello just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the images aren’t loading properly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different browsers and both show the same outcome.

  17. F*ckin¦ amazing issues here. I am very satisfied to peer your post. Thank you so much and i am looking ahead to touch you. Will you kindly drop me a e-mail?

  18. I do agree with all of the ideas you have presented in your post. They’re very convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are very short for beginners. Could you please extend them a bit from next time? Thanks for the post.

  19. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was curious what all is needed to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100 positive. Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated. Cheers

  20. I truly appreciate this post. I have been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thanks again

  21. I like this post, enjoyed this one regards for putting up. “The basis of optimism is sheer terror.” by Oscar Wilde.

  22. so much good info on here, : D.

  23. F*ckin’ amazing things here. I’m very satisfied to peer your article. Thanks a lot and i am looking forward to contact you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?

  24. Good day I am so delighted I found your weblog, I really found you by error, while I was browsing on Askjeeve for something else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to say cheers for a remarkable post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all at the moment but I have book-marked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do keep up the great job.

  25. You completed certain fine points there. I did a search on the matter and found a good number of folks will agree with your blog.

  26. her

    Incredible! This blog looks just like my old one! It’s on a entirely different subject but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Excellent choice of colors!

  27. Awesome blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your theme. Thank you

  28. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.

  29. I have been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts in this sort of area . Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this site. Reading this information So i am happy to convey that I’ve an incredibly good uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I most indubitably will make certain to don’t put out of your mind this website and provides it a look on a continuing basis.

  30. great points altogether, you simply gained a new reader. What would you suggest in regards to your post that you made a few days ago? Any positive?

  31. I dugg some of you post as I cerebrated they were extremely helpful extremely helpful

  32. You can certainly see your enthusiasm within the work you write. The sector hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to mention how they believe. Always go after your heart.

  33. Utterly written written content, thanks for entropy.

  34. hey there and thanks for your info – I’ve certainly picked up anything new from proper here. I did alternatively expertise some technical points using this site, as I skilled to reload the site a lot of instances prior to I may get it to load properly. I were thinking about if your hosting is OK? Now not that I’m complaining, but slow loading circumstances occasions will very frequently have an effect on your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if ads and ***********|advertising|advertising|advertising and *********** with Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and could glance out for much extra of your respective fascinating content. Ensure that you update this once more soon..

  35. I like this internet site because so much useful material on here : D.

  36. Wonderful website. A lot of helpful information here. I¦m sending it to several pals ans also sharing in delicious. And naturally, thank you on your sweat!

  37. I like what you guys are usually up too. This type of clever work and coverage! Keep up the good works guys I’ve you guys to my blogroll.

  38. Hello There. I discovered your blog the use of msn. This is a very well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and come back to read extra of your helpful info. Thank you for the post. I will certainly comeback.

  39. Super-Duper blog! I am loving it!! Will be back later to read some more. I am bookmarking your feeds also.

  40. You have mentioned very interesting details! ps nice internet site.

  41. I keep listening to the news lecture about getting free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the best site to get one. Could you advise me please, where could i acquire some?

  42. Only wanna input that you have a very decent web site, I enjoy the pattern it really stands out.

  43. Great post. I am facing a couple of these problems.

  44. In this grand design of things you get a B+ just for hard work. Where exactly you actually lost everybody ended up being on your details. As as the maxim goes, details make or break the argument.. And that couldn’t be much more correct in this article. Having said that, permit me reveal to you precisely what did give good results. Your writing can be really powerful which is possibly the reason why I am making an effort to comment. I do not really make it a regular habit of doing that. Secondly, whilst I can notice the leaps in reasoning you come up with, I am not really certain of exactly how you seem to connect the ideas which make the conclusion. For now I will, no doubt subscribe to your position but wish in the near future you actually link the dots much better.

  45. Super-Duper site! I am loving it!! Will be back later to read some more. I am taking your feeds also

  46. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is required to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very web smart so I’m not 100 positive. Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated. Appreciate it

  47. I am incessantly thought about this, thanks for putting up.

  48. you have got an amazing weblog right here! would you wish to make some invite posts on my blog?

  49. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!

  50. Hello just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different browsers and both show the same outcome.

  51. Undeniably consider that that you said. Your favourite reason appeared to be at the web the easiest factor to keep in mind of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed whilst folks think about worries that they just do not recognize about. You controlled to hit the nail upon the top as well as outlined out the entire thing without having side effect , other folks can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thank you

  52. I was very pleased to find this web-site.I wanted to thanks for your time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you blog post.

  53. That is very attention-grabbing, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined your rss feed and look forward to searching for extra of your excellent post. Additionally, I have shared your site in my social networks!

  54. I went over this web site and I think you have a lot of superb information, bookmarked (:.

  55. I do trust all of the ideas you have introduced for your post. They are very convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are very brief for newbies. May you please extend them a little from subsequent time? Thank you for the post.

  56. I simply could not leave your website prior to suggesting that I actually enjoyed the standard information an individual provide for your visitors? Is gonna be again continuously in order to investigate cross-check new posts.

  57. Hi there, I discovered your blog by way of Google at the same time as searching for a related topic, your web site got here up, it appears good. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  58. It’s actually a great and useful piece of info. I am happy that you shared this useful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  59. I’ll right away snatch your rss feed as I can’t to find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly allow me understand in order that I may subscribe. Thanks.

  60. Very interesting details you have mentioned, thankyou for putting up. “Jive Lady Just hang loose blood. She gonna handa your rebound on the med side.” by Airplane.

  61. Some really select blog posts on this web site, saved to my bookmarks.

  62. Hey there! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

  63. I¦ve recently started a website, the information you provide on this site has helped me greatly. Thanks for all of your time & work.

  64. Thanks, I’ve recently been looking for information about this topic for a long time and yours is the greatest I have found out till now. But, what about the bottom line? Are you sure in regards to the source?

  65. Sweet blog! I found it while browsing on Yahoo News. Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Many thanks

  66. hello there and thank you for your info – I’ve certainly picked up something new from proper here. I did alternatively experience a few technical points the usage of this website, as I skilled to reload the website many instances prior to I may get it to load properly. I were brooding about if your web hosting is OK? Now not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading circumstances instances will sometimes affect your placement in google and could harm your high-quality score if ads and ***********|advertising|advertising|advertising and *********** with Adwords. Anyway I’m including this RSS to my email and could glance out for a lot extra of your respective intriguing content. Ensure that you replace this again soon..

  67. Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Thank you for your provided information.

  68. I am not rattling good with English but I line up this really easy to understand.

  69. try

    I’m still learning from you, as I’m trying to reach my goals. I definitely enjoy reading all that is written on your website.Keep the tips coming. I loved it!